Sanskrit Romanization

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Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Dexing » Mon Apr 11, 2011 10:41 pm

Is there an easy to use and obtain system for typing Sanskrit romanization with all the diacritical marks? I found something for Sanskrit already available on windows, but don't know how to use it. It doesn't seem to do anything....

Many thanks in advance!

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nopalabhyate...
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Kare » Mon Apr 11, 2011 11:57 pm

Dexing wrote:Is there an easy to use and obtain system for typing Sanskrit romanization with all the diacritical marks? I found something for Sanskrit already available on windows, but don't know how to use it. It doesn't seem to do anything....

Many thanks in advance!

Image


Have you tried the URW Palladio CSX+?

http://www.sanskritweb.net/fonts/

It works well for me.
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby some1 » Tue Apr 12, 2011 9:03 am

I have a simple online tool at http://kamleong.site90.net/indic/ where I type "prajJA-pAramitAyAm-hRdaya-sUtraM" (Harvard-Kyoto Convention) to get "prajñā-pāramitāyām-hṛdaya-sūtraṃ" (IAST with diacritic)

Note: There is a better tool for similar transliterations at http://www.codewallah.com/diCrunch/diCrunch.php
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Dexing » Tue Apr 12, 2011 2:32 pm

Thanks guys!

Some1, that seems pretty easy, but how do you make capital ś, for example?

:namaste:
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Malcolm » Tue Apr 12, 2011 2:50 pm

I use a mac.

On the mac, if one uses the the extended keyboard and a unicode font like Gentium, etc., it is easy. A macron is shift+option+a; ś is s, then type shift+option+e, the ṅ is n, then type shift+option+w; for ṭ etc, type the retroflex of choice, as well as ṣ , type letter and then type shift+option+x. For ṛ, same as the last, for ṝ, , type r, then shift+option+x, then shift+option+a. More or less this covers everything. Then for n -- for ṅ, type n, then shift+option+w; for ñ, type n shift+option+n.

These rules apply to both upper and lower case.
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby ratna » Tue Apr 12, 2011 4:57 pm

On the Mac, I use the EasyUnicode keyboard layout (http://homepage.mac.com/somadevah/Software.html), which is very easy: ā is option-a, etc; ś is option-s; retroflexes are option-t for ṭ, etc.
On PC, I used THDL's tools (https://collab.itc.virginia.edu/access/wiki/site/c06fa8cf-c49c-4ebc-007f-482de5382105/diacritic%20fonts.html).
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby svat » Fri Apr 15, 2011 6:16 pm

In addition to the nice diCrunch mentioned above, there is also "Sanscript" at http://www.learnsanskrit.org/tools/sanscript.php
(And, in case it is helpful to someone, there is also a poorly documented tool I wrote, currently at: http://shreevatsa.appspot.com/sanskrit/transliterate.html )
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Kaji » Sun Aug 26, 2012 2:40 pm

These are great resources, thanks!

Does anyone know how can I convert text from a document (say in a PDF) in the Sans Serif Pali font to IAST Unicode?

For example, below is the first line in the file <http://www.dharanipitaka.net/2011/2008/sutra-stotra/Prajna-paramita-hrdaya.pdf> when pasted into plain text:

Praj#2-p2ramit2-h4daya-s9tram

Is there an easy way to convert those characters into the below Unicode characters, which is how they should read?

Prajñā-pāramitā-hṛdaya-sūtram
Namas triya-dhvikānāṃ sarva tathāgatānām!
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby some1 » Tue Nov 06, 2012 7:13 am

Kaji wrote:These are great resources, thanks!

Does anyone know how can I convert text from a document (say in a PDF) in the Sans Serif Pali font to IAST Unicode?

For example, below is the first line in the file <http://www.dharanipitaka.net/2011/2008/sutra-stotra/Prajna-paramita-hrdaya.pdf> when pasted into plain text:

Praj#2-p2ramit2-h4daya-s9tram

Is there an easy way to convert those characters into the below Unicode characters, which is how they should read?

Prajñā-pāramitā-hṛdaya-sūtram

Below are some related information. What I understand is that issue lies in the way how those text are encoded in the PDF file. Apparently, there is no easy way to convert it back to the Unicode characters, and it may differs from one file to another.

http://forums.macrumors.com/showthread.php?t=1254515
http://www.monperrus.net/martin/produci ... x-pdflatex
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby Kaji » Tue Nov 06, 2012 8:21 am

some1 wrote:Below are some related information. What I understand is that issue lies in the way how those text are encoded in the PDF file. Apparently, there is no easy way to convert it back to the Unicode characters, and it may differs from one file to another.

http://forums.macrumors.com/showthread.php?t=1254515
http://www.monperrus.net/martin/produci ... x-pdflatex

Thanks, some1. Since my last post I have created a macro in Microsoft Word that converts the text in that kind of encoding into Unicode.

I will take a closer look at your two links later. The Macrumors forum is under maintenance now. The other webpage is not the most IT-noob-friendly, so I cannot understand the procedures it talks about.
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Re: Sanskrit Romanization

Postby some1 » Tue Aug 20, 2013 10:10 am

Another new option:

Custom Canonical Transliteration Schemes under Google IME.
http://bdsatish.in/lang/google-ime.html
http://www.google.com/inputtools/windows/canonical.html

Note:
The Schemes directory path of the latest version is different from what described in the above URL. Below is what I found:

Windows Vista/7/8: %ProgramData%\Google\Google Input Tools\com.google.input_tools.t13n.ime.[Language: e.g. Sanskrit]\schemes

Windows XP: %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Application Data\Google\Google Input Tools\com.google.input_tools.t13n.ime.[Language: e.g. Sanskrit]\schemes

sample.scm
==========
version: 1.0
name: ITRANS-ROMAN
aa ā
AA Ā
A ā
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