Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

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paradox524
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Joined: Sat Jul 01, 2017 3:53 am

Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by paradox524 » Wed Jun 06, 2018 3:37 pm

Can anyone point me to a glossary of all the relevant Tibetan titles and their meanings? I'm having a hard time, as a beginner, telling what the names are and what the titles are.

For example, I see

Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche

or

Dilgo Khyentse Yangsi Rinpoche

or

Katok Situ Chökyi Gyatso

etc.

Which is the name, and which are the titles, and what do they mean?

Thanks.

Marc
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by Marc » Wed Jun 06, 2018 7:18 pm

Hmm... Seems like my response got lost in an internet glitch :thinking:

I do not have a "ressource glossary" to point to, but hopefully this will be helpful:  

Examples of titles:  

Rinpoche - Precisou one 
Tülku - Reincarnation (literally "body of magical manifestation")
Yangsi - Reincarnation (literally "back to existence")
Kybaje - Lord of Refuge
Je - Lord
Tridzin / Khridzin - Holder of the Throne 
Yongdzin - Holder of all (the teachings / transmissions)
Kunkhyen - Omniscient 
Lopön / Pönlob - "Dean" of the "university" (litteraly "chief of studies")
Drupthob - Accomplished one
Togden - Realized one
Geshe - Degree ± PhD (litteraly "Virtuous Friend", a teacher of "sutras")
Khenpo - Degree ± PhD in Nyingma & Kagyü / Abbot in Bön (Litterally "learned one")
Tertön - Treasure Revealer
Lingpa - "Suffix" name of Tertön's

In the example you've given, you also find one of the teachers' Dharma names: Khyentse, Chökyi Gyatso...
As well as their pedigree / origin, either their monastery (Dzongsar, Katok...), or family (Dilgo...).  

paradox524
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by paradox524 » Sat Jun 09, 2018 4:47 pm

Thanks! And Gyatso? Jamyang?

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Lobsang Chojor
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by Lobsang Chojor » Sat Jun 09, 2018 7:57 pm

paradox524 wrote:
Sat Jun 09, 2018 4:47 pm
Thanks! And Gyatso? Jamyang?
These are more often given names, for example Gyatso means ocean and Jamyang is manjushri.
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Palzang Jangchub
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by Palzang Jangchub » Sat Jun 09, 2018 8:52 pm

Gyatso = "ocean," and is usually a name.

Jamyang = "gentle speech, sweet-voiced," a.k.a. Manjughosha (an alternate name for Manjushri). It's also a commonly used Tibetan name.
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དྲིན་ཆེན་རྩ་བའི་བླ་མ་སྐྱབས་རྗེ་མགར་ཆེན་ཁྲི་སྤྲུལ་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་ཁྱེད་མཁྱེན་ནོ།།
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Malcolm
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by Malcolm » Sun Jun 10, 2018 1:21 am

paradox524 wrote:
Wed Jun 06, 2018 3:37 pm

Dzongsar / Jamyang Khyentse / Rinpoche
Dzongsar Monastery, Incarnation lineage, honorific

or
Dilgo / Khyentse / Yangsi / Rinpoche
Family name / incarnation lineage / descriptive (rebirth) / honorific
or

Katok / Situ / Chökyi Gyatso
Monastery, incarnation lineage, personal name
Buddhahood in This Life
འ༔ ཨ༔ ཧ༔ ཤ༔ ས༔ མ༔


[A]nything at all that is well spoken is the word of the Buddha.

-- Ārya-adhyāśaya-sañcodana-nāma-mahāyāna-sūtra

The different sūtras in accord with the emptiness
taught by the Sugata are definitive in meaning;
One can understand that all of those Dharmas in
which a sentient being, individual, or person are taught are provisional in meaning.

-- Samadhirāja Sūtra

csmorg96
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Re: Deciphering Tibetan Buddhist titles?

Post by csmorg96 » Sun Jun 10, 2018 3:51 am

I think Gyatso means ocean and Jamyang means "gentle voice". They are both part of their actual names, not titles. Unless of course they are inherited tulku names. Then it is sort of a title.

To add to the list of titles above, I'm fairly sure that Situ was a title given to certain lamas by the Chinese emperor (or maybe the Mongolian khan?) I think it means something like imperial preceptor. The tulkus of the original Situs still cary the names. (Tai situ, Kathok Situ ... I assume there are others)

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