Norway too is flowing over with mythology, where you can read about creatures of the sea, creatures of the forests, creatures of the mountains, creatures living underground, and so on.
And just as an example, in north Norway, more people than you'd think, will consider some of these beings before they do something drastic that can affect the local land, such as constructing a new barn or similar. So what will happen is that a food offering might be made of various sizes, to soothe the local dwellers. Now obviously in modern times this is often ignored and the closer to the city you come, it definitely is ignored. But in rural and quiet places many do consider it.
As an example, you'll find farmers or people living out in the country up north here paying extra respect to what is called "nisser": humanoid creatures, knee to thigh-high compared with the size of an adult man, usually with a red long cap on, and bearded. These are underground creatures, with superhuman strength, and can easily be offended, who will not hesitate to pull minor pranks on you, or go as far as to hurt you, or your family, your livestock, or property/belongings if you disrespect them and their ways. But if left alone, and placated (usually food offerings put out around ones barn, or similar - porridge, meat, etc.) they can actually be very beneficial, for the theory is that they will help you with your crops/livestock/similar when you're asleep or away. They are very skilled with this. If angered, they can curse the ground so to speak, and it doesn't matter if new owners arrive, they too will experience nothing but dread until the situation is dealt with.
The ways of pleasing these various creatures called "Blót" is an old Norse tradition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bl%C3%B3t
And then you have the Sami people, who before meeting Christianity, were largely shamanistic. And they too had very similar views. You had the noaidi, the shaman of the Sami, who was an expert in these matters: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noaidi
And interestingly enough, the Norse also had a parallel: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sei%C3%B0r
Of course, Christianity depicted anything that wasn't approved by the religion as being of the Devil, and thus people who paid respect to local beings were accused of devil worship, and so on it goes. So Christianity here too suppressed old traditions. But it has been very hard to completely eradicate this mythology, as it has been such a central element to many Norwegians through history. And in the period of 1840-1860, a lot of traditional elements of Norwegian history and culture got a resurrection, and was made part of our identities during the Norwegian romantic nationalist period in 1840-1860. Many of these elements - some very old - are still respected.
And I quite like that, at least for the very reason that this also means people respect the environment.