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http://www.btrts.org.sg/sacred-relics-of-the-buddha/The Characteristics and Variety of Buddha Relics
According to accounts from sutras, Buddha Relics possess many amazing characteristics. The power, size and number of Buddha Relics are said to increase with time and veneration, as devoted offerings and respect are showered on the relics. Different body part relics of Buddha give rise to different colours, shapes and sizes. Generally, Buddha’s Relics retain the shape of kidney beans, broken rice grains or mustard seeds. The largest form of Buddha Relics comes from the muscle and flesh, while medium sized ones that take after the shape of irregular small pearls come from the bones and the smallest form of Buddha Relics is from the blood.
Generally, Buddha relics come in three sizes: like the kidney bean, broken rice, or mustard seed. Their colours show their bodily origin: golden relics come from flesh; pearly ones from bone; and red jasmine from blood. Sisa relics from the head of the Buddha may look like diamond, ruby, emerald or amber.
The relics of the Buddha are usually in pure white, gold, jade green and orange red colours. All these bright and striking colours are the result of the Buddha having gone through the six paramitas, the complete fulfilment of all dharma including precepts, meditation and wisdom. The gold relics represent the incomparable brightness, wisdom and gunamati. The pure white represents the patience under provocation and calmness for commandment-keeping. Jade green represent the concentration of mind, profound and complete fulfilment of all dharma. Orange red represent dana (donation) and retribution of good deed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relics_as ... ith_Buddha