Hello NamdrolNamdrol wrote:What are the twelve different limbs
the Muni taught as dependent origination?
Those are exhaustively included in three,
defilement, action and suffering.
The first, eighth and ninth are defilement;
the second and tenth are action;
also the remaining seven are suffering;
twelve dharmas are gathered into three.
There are no sentient beings at all,
empty dharmas are entirely produced
from dharmas strictly empty,
dharmas without a self and [not] of a self.
I agree this verse distinguishes the Great Vehicle from the Hinayana. In the Mahayana, defilement, action and suffering are viewed within emptiness. Therefore the numberless beings receive forgiveness for their defiled actions that produce harm & suffering. This exemplifies the compassion of the Great Vehicle. Where in Hinayana, my studies have revealed, it is taught emptiness is the mind empty of sensuality, empty of becoming and empty of ignorance. In Hinayana, emptiness is the mind abiding empty of self-cherishing. But in the Great Vehicle, even defiled self-cherishing is emptiness. I agree the verse you posted distinguishes the Great Vehicle from the Hinayana and exemplies the great compassion of the Great Vehicle. I can now see how Lama Choedak, who was an extremely enthusiastic proponent of Emptiness, remained so unaffected by his immoral behaviour. Lama Choedak actually taught all karma is just Emtpiness.