Dukkha is one of three signs or marks that Buddhadharma teaches are what characterises all sentient existence. The other two are anicca and anatta. Anicca is usually translated as impermenance..all is in permanent flux and change and our resistance to this fuels our experience of things as unsatisfactory..all that we hold dear passes.And nothing that arises has a solid unchanging essence..an”atta”, hence anatta. It is not that things in themselves, love, pleasure, cookies,a sunset, are bad. But they are impermenant, constantly changing and without a solid component.dolphin_color wrote: ↑Sat May 11, 2019 8:48 pm This is a basic question, but it's important enough that it seems I should ask for your input. The formulation of the First Noble Truth that I'm familiar with is found in the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, where it lists a few causes of dukkha and then adds that "the five clinging-aggregates are stressful". It is on this basis that some say "Life is suffering", in addition to a few other concepts in the Pali. Others challenge this characterization.
I'm interested in the Tibetan approach to this topic. Is there a text that literally says "All of life is suffering"? What connections exist between this idea and emptiness? I'd appreciate any insight you have time to provide.
So basically the meaning of dukkha cannot be understood without reference to anicca and anatta.