Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

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Coëmgenu
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Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby Coëmgenu » Sat Dec 31, 2016 1:25 am

I recall that in a past age
immeasurable, innumerable kalpas ago
there was a buddha, most honored of men,
named Sun Moon Bright.
This world-honored one expounded the Law,
saving immeasurable living beings
and numberless millions of bodhisattvas,
causing them to enter the buddha wisdom.
(Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra I)


Who is "Sun Moon Bright Buddha"/日月燈明仏 / rìyuèdēngmíngfó ? Is this Buddha's name Candrasūryapradīpa buddha in Sanskrit? Are those two names the same person?

Is our only attestation of this Buddha from the Lotus Sūtra? Is he mentioned in any other literature? In short, do we know anything more about him that what is mentioned in the Lotus Sūtra?
"My pure land is not destroyed,
yet the multitude sees it as consumed in fire,
with anxiety, fear, and other sufferings
filling it everywhere."
(Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra XVI)

All these dharmāḥ are the status of dharma, the standing of dharma, the suchness of dharma; the dharma neither departs from things-as-they-are, nor differs from things-as-they-are; it is the truth, reality, without distortion.(SA 296, 因緣法)
揭諦揭諦,波羅揭諦,波羅僧揭諦,菩提薩婆訶(Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayasya Mantra)

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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby Admin_PC » Sat Dec 31, 2016 3:26 am

Candrasūryapradīpa is mentioned in the Shorter Sukhavati Sutra.

Sun-Moon Light Buddha is one of the alternate names for Amitabha in the Larger Sukhavati Sutra. I haven't checked the exact characters used yet though. Might do it later.
月影の いたらぬ里は なけれども 眺むる人の 心にぞすむ
法然上人

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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby Admin_PC » Sat Dec 31, 2016 3:51 am

Just checked the Larger Sutra and it's 超日月光佛.

In the Shorter Sutra the translation (according to BDK) for Candrasūryapradīpa is 日月燈佛.
月影の いたらぬ里は なけれども 眺むる人の 心にぞすむ
法然上人

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DidiDawn
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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby DidiDawn » Fri Apr 21, 2017 9:30 am

Aren't there lots of Buddhas all named Candrasuryapradipa in the Lotus Sutra? Ta for posting this, I was listening to Acalaacala's recitation of the LS and wondered what these Buddhas were called in English.

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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby Admin_PC » Fri Apr 21, 2017 2:26 pm

Candrasuryapradipa = Sun and Moon Lamp Buddha.
He shows up in the Shorter Sukhavativyuha as well.

Interestingly, in the Shorter Sukhavativyuha Sutra there are a number of references to Arciskandha Buddha (Blazing Skandha/heaps/shoulders Buddha) and MahaArciskandha (Mahārciskandha) Buddha (Great Blazing Skandha/heaps/shoulders Buddha), 1 for the former, 2 for the later.
月影の いたらぬ里は なけれども 眺むる人の 心にぞすむ
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crazy-man
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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby crazy-man » Fri Apr 21, 2017 11:46 pm

日月燈明仏 nichigatutomyo-butsu
http://tobifudo.jp/butuzo/bosatu/nichigetu.html

日月燈明
Pronunciations
[py] Rìyuèdēngmíng
[wg] Jih-yüeh-teng-ming
[hg] 일월등명
[mc] Irwoldeungmyeong
[mr] Irwŏldŭngmyŏng
[kk] ニチゲツトウミョウ
[hb] Nichigetsutōmyō
[qn] NHẬT nguyệt đăng minh
Basic Meaning: Candrasūryapradīpa
Senses:
Name of a buddha. 〔正法華經 T 263.9.65c19〕 ; translated by Kumārajīva as 日月燈明 〔 T 262.9.3c18〕 . [Seishi Karashima]

http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xp ... c8-660e%27)

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Re: Who is 日月燈明仏 / "Sun Moon Bright"?

Postby Invokingvajras » Mon Apr 24, 2017 1:36 am

crazy-man wrote:日月燈明仏 nichigatutomyo-butsu
http://tobifudo.jp/butuzo/bosatu/nichigetu.html


For those who can't read Japanese:

He is the Buddha associated with the 10th day in the 30th-day monthly cycle in the esoteric tradition.
He taught the Dharma countless asamkhyeya kalpas ago, but 20,000 Buddhas with the same name have also appeared since then.
These 20,000 Candrasūryapradīpa Buddhas were eventually succeeded by Varaprabha Bodhisattva (a manifestation of Manjushri) and later by Dipamkara Buddha.
Spiraling Down the Middle Path

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