I am a new member.
Continuing from here
In the Buddhist holidays list the new and full moon days of observance are called Uposatha.Admin_PC wrote:I would say the list of Buddhist Holidays might be a good start, but they're not a requirement. Some people take vegetarian days on new moon & full moon days each month
From : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uposatha
In Mahayana countries that use the Chinese calendar, the Uposatha days are observed ten times a month, on the 1st, 8th, 14th, 15th, 18th, 23rd, 24th and final three days of each lunar month. Alternatively, one can only observe Uposatha days six times a month; on the 8th, 14th, 15th, 23rd and final two days of each lunar month. In Japan, these six days are known as the roku sainichi (六斎日 Six Days of Fasting?).
The Uposatha Day was instituted by the Buddha at the request of King Bimbisara, and the Buddha instructed the monks to give teachings to the laypeople on this day,
On each uposatha day, devout Upāsaka and Upāsikā practice the Eight Precepts, perhaps echoing the Buddha's teaching that laypeople should "imitate" arhats on Uposatha days.
For lay practitioners who live near a vihara, Uposatha is an opportunity for them to visit it, make offerings, listen to dhamma talks by monks and participate in meditation sessions.
For lay practitioners unable to participate in the events of a local monastery, the uposatha is a time to intensify one's own meditation and Dhamma practice, for instance, meditating an extra session or for a longer time, reading or chanting special Buddhist texts, recollecting or giving in some special way.
Describing his experience of Uposatha day in Thailand, Khantipalo (1982a) writes:
"Early in the morning lay people give almsfood to the bhikkhus who may be walking on almsround, invited to a layman's house, or the lay people may take the food to the monastery. Usually lay people do not eat before serving their food to the bhikkhus and they may eat only once that day.... Before the meal the laity request the Eight Precepts [from the bhikkhus] ..., which they promise to undertake for a day and night. It is usual for lay people to go to the local monastery and to spend all day and night there.... [In monasteries where] there is more study, [lay people] will hear as many as three or four discourses on Dhamma delivered by senior bhikkhus and they will have books to read and perhaps classes on Abhidhamma to attend.... In a meditation monastery ..., most of their time will be spent mindfully employed – walking and seated meditation with some time given to helping the bhikkhus with their daily duties. So the whole of this day and night (and enthusiastic lay people restrict their sleep) is given over to Dhamma...."
Hmm… is the clergy a substitution for monks in Jodo Shinshu? (Does Jodo Shu school have monks and monasteries?)Admin_PC wrote:Jodo Shinshu does not have monastics in the traditional Bhikkhu sense. They've always had married clergy, but the clergy does go through training. In the old days they would be celibate through this training, however these days it's not a requirement.
How does one join the clergy and what role does it play? After undergoing Buddhist training do the married clergy teach to other lay people? Do they give the eight precepts to lay followers and teach Dharma on Uposatha days?
As there is no Pure Land temple where I live how do I take the observance precepts?
Which old Japanese Pure Land Buddhist lineages exist today? Wikipedia mentions four schools : Jōdo-shū, Jōdo Shinshū, Yūzū-nembutsu-shū, and Ji-shū but there isn't much information about the last two.
I have another doubt which is somewhat related to the previous questions. We have online resources now but in the past there was no internet and only the monks (or clergy in the case of Jodo Shinshu) knew the Sutras. So a person interested in Dharma had to approach a Monk/clergyman to formally practice Pure Land Buddhism?Admin_PC wrote:Some chants like the Nembutsu, Medicine Buddha, and Oṃ maṇi padme hūṃ are considered "sutra" practices and don't require initiation or transmission.