One Action Samadhi

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Nicholas Weeks
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One Action Samadhi

Post by Nicholas Weeks » Tue Oct 22, 2019 12:16 am

From Rulu's translation of the Sūtra of Mahā-Prajñā-Pāramitā Pronounced by Mañjuśrī Bodhisattva:
Furthermore, there is the Samādhi of the One Action. If good men and good women train in this samādhi, they will also quickly attain anuttara-samyak-saṁbodhi.”
Mañjuśrī asked, “World-Honored One, what is called the One Action Samādhi?”
The Buddha replied, “The dharma realm has the one appearance. Focusing one’s mind on the dharma realm is called the One Action Samādhi. If, among good men and good women, there are those who aspire to enter the One Action Samādhi, they should first hear prajñā-pāramitā and next train and learn it accordingly. Then they will be able to enter the One Action Samādhi, which fits the conditions of the dharma realm: indestructible, inconceivable, with no regress, no hindrance, and no appearance. If good men and good women aspire to enter the One Action Samādhi, they should sit properly in an open place, facing the direction of a Buddha, abandon distracting thoughts and appearances, focus their minds on that Buddha, and keep saying His name. If they can continue, thought after thought, thinking of one Buddha, they will be able to see, in their thinking, past, future, and present Buddhas. Why? Because the merit acquired from thinking of one Buddha is immeasurable and boundless, no different from the merit acquired from thinking of innumerable Buddhas or thinking of the inconceivable Buddha Dharma. They all will realize true suchness and attain the perfect enlightenment, acquiring immeasurable merit and eloquence. Those who enter the One Action Samādhi in this way will know that there are no differentiated appearances in the dharma realm of Buddhas, who are as numerous as the sands of the Ganges
This Sutra also appeared in Chang's Mahayana Sutras compilation, but abridged.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Bodhicitta.

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Nicholas Weeks
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Nicholas Weeks » Tue Oct 22, 2019 4:41 pm

Here is Chang's translation:
Those good men or good women who wish to enter the Single Deed
Samadhi should live in seclusion, cast away discursive thoughts, not cling to the
appearances of things, concentrate their minds on a Buddha, and recite his name
single-mindedly. They should keep their bodies erect and, facing the direction of
that Buddha, meditate upon him continuously. If they can maintain mindfulness of
the Buddha without interruption from moment to moment, then they will be able
to see all the Buddhas of the past, present, and future right in each moment. Why?
Because the merits of being mindful of one Buddha are as innumerable and boundless
as those of being mindful of countless Buddhas, for the inconceivable teachings
of all Buddha s are identical and undifferentiated. All Buddhas achieve supreme
enlightenment by the same suchness, and all are endowed with incalculable
merits and immeasurable eloquence. Therefore, one who enters the Single Deed
Samadhi knows thoroughly that Buddhas as innumerable as the sands of the Ganges
are indistinguishable in the dharmadhatu.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Bodhicitta.

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Nicholas Weeks
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Nicholas Weeks » Tue Oct 22, 2019 4:49 pm

Chang comments on the above passage:
[Chinese no display] here rendered as "the Single Deed Samadhi," is perhaps one of the most
important topics of this sutra. All the major practices of Mahayana Buddhism seem to be
included in this samadhi practice. However, without a careful reading one is liable to misunderstand
the teaching given here . Thus, brief review of the practice of this samadhi may be helpful:

The essence or basic nature of this samadhi is not the recitation of a Buddha 's name , as
instructed in this paragraph . The recitation of a Buddha's name and the continuous mindfulness
of a Buddha's image, as practiced by the Chinese Pure Land School and the Tantra
School , are extremely important and necessary as preparatory practices; they cannot, however,
substitute for the main practice of the Single Deed Samadhi, because both are still
"form-bound, " i.e., attached to certain kinds of forms.

The main practice of the Single Deed Samadhi is to meditate on the "one essence of
the dharmadhatu, " or the "nonarising emptiness," which is beyond all thoughts
and discriminations and totally transcendent.

To enter this samadhi, one should first study well the teachings of the Prajnaparamita,
then recite a Buddha's name single-mindedly. Meditating thus continuously, one will receive
the blessing of a Buddha. Combining this blessing with one's insight into Prajnaparamita,
one can then approach the Single Deed Samadhi without much hazard.

The sequence of practicing the Single Deed Samadhi is therefore as follows:
I. Study and contemplate well the Prajnaparamita teaching.
2. Recite a Buddha's name single-mindedly.
3. Meditate on the one essence of the dharmadhatu; i.e., penetratingly observe the
emptiness of being, thus causing a great "leap over" to the inconceivable dharmadhatu.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Bodhicitta.

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Queequeg
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Queequeg » Tue Oct 22, 2019 6:27 pm

Nicholas Weeks wrote:
Tue Oct 22, 2019 12:16 am
From Rulu's translation of the Sūtra of Mahā-Prajñā-Pāramitā Pronounced by Mañjuśrī Bodhisattva:
Furthermore, there is the Samādhi of the One Action. If good men and good women train in this samādhi, they will also quickly attain anuttara-samyak-saṁbodhi.”
Mañjuśrī asked, “World-Honored One, what is called the One Action Samādhi?”
The Buddha replied, “The dharma realm has the one appearance. Focusing one’s mind on the dharma realm is called the One Action Samādhi. If, among good men and good women, there are those who aspire to enter the One Action Samādhi, they should first hear prajñā-pāramitā and next train and learn it accordingly. Then they will be able to enter the One Action Samādhi, which fits the conditions of the dharma realm: indestructible, inconceivable, with no regress, no hindrance, and no appearance. If good men and good women aspire to enter the One Action Samādhi, they should sit properly in an open place, facing the direction of a Buddha, abandon distracting thoughts and appearances, focus their minds on that Buddha, and keep saying His name. If they can continue, thought after thought, thinking of one Buddha, they will be able to see, in their thinking, past, future, and present Buddhas. Why? Because the merit acquired from thinking of one Buddha is immeasurable and boundless, no different from the merit acquired from thinking of innumerable Buddhas or thinking of the inconceivable Buddha Dharma. They all will realize true suchness and attain the perfect enlightenment, acquiring immeasurable merit and eloquence. Those who enter the One Action Samādhi in this way will know that there are no differentiated appearances in the dharma realm of Buddhas, who are as numerous as the sands of the Ganges
This Sutra also appeared in Chang's Mahayana Sutras compilation, but abridged.
Nicholas, do you know where this text can be found?
Those who, even with distracted minds,
Entered a stupa compound
And chanted but once, “Namo Buddhaya!”
Have certainly attained the path of the buddhas.

-Lotus Sutra, Expedient Means Chapter

There are beings with little dust in their eyes who are falling away because they do not hear the Dhamma. There will be those who will understand the Dhamma.
-Ayacana Sutta

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Nicholas Weeks
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Nicholas Weeks » Tue Oct 22, 2019 6:31 pm

Here is Rulu's online edition, also in the book Thinking of Amitabha Buddha:

http://www.sutrasmantras.info/sutra13.html

Chang's compilation is still in print:

https://www.bookfinder.com/book/A_Treas ... 12080936X/
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Bodhicitta.

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Queequeg
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Queequeg » Tue Oct 22, 2019 6:33 pm

:anjali:
Thank you, Nicholas.
Those who, even with distracted minds,
Entered a stupa compound
And chanted but once, “Namo Buddhaya!”
Have certainly attained the path of the buddhas.

-Lotus Sutra, Expedient Means Chapter

There are beings with little dust in their eyes who are falling away because they do not hear the Dhamma. There will be those who will understand the Dhamma.
-Ayacana Sutta

Sentient Light
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Sentient Light » Fri Oct 25, 2019 5:36 pm

The Sanskrit title of this is the Saptaśatikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra. An alternative English title would be, The Prajnaparamita Sutra in 700 Lines.

And if it's helpful for anyone other than me, Vietnamese terminology here:

Nhất Tướng Tam Muội = One Mark Samadhi; ekavyuhasamadhi

Nhất Tâm Niệm Phật = Buddha-recitation samadhi
:buddha1: Nam mô A di đà Phật :buddha1:
:bow: Nam mô Quan Thế Âm Bồ tát :bow:
:bow: Nam mô Đại Thế Chi Bồ Tát :bow:

:buddha1: Nam mô Bổn sư Thích ca mâu ni Phật :buddha1:
:bow: Nam mô Di lặc Bồ tát :bow:
:bow: Nam mô Địa tạng vương Bồ tát :bow:

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Nicholas Weeks
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Re: One Action Samadhi

Post by Nicholas Weeks » Sat Oct 26, 2019 2:53 pm

Here is Conze's translation of 700 lines PP - search for 'one single array' for the samadhi section:
http://lirs.ru/do/prajnaparamita/700shlok.html

Conze has a footnote on One Single Array (not in HTML above) that says "eka-vyūho samadhi. Defined in P202 as 'the reviewing of the duality of no dharma whatsoever.' "

However, in his Large Sutra on PP, page 151, among the list of samadhis - #83 says "One Single Harmony: one does not review the duality of any dharma." Guess that is the same Sanskrit term, but just a differing translation.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Bodhicitta.

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