Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

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joe.schraube
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Joined: Mon Feb 20, 2017 4:35 am

Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

Post by joe.schraube » Thu Apr 06, 2017 6:40 am

Hello ,

for a Buddhist layout work I search for the Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages. I first take the en wikipedia but the is not compliet. I will support with you help also the wikipedia articles if we move here forward.

So far I get it right here we have no "translations", we have a spell the Pali in 6 differnt letters- language systhems.
Like : avidyā is the pali word in english letters. Reason : in almost all Buddist country very basic pali terms get not transpatet. The use the Pali terms. More and more also western Buddhists come to the pouint : better not translate for ex. Dukkha.

The collectionI post here is what I collect from the en wikipedia and from some monks around me. The Thai is from a Theravada institut in Bangkok, today I will go for the Tibetan here in Gangtok Sikkim. Help me with the missing parts in Burmese and Sinhala woud be great.
Also if you dont agree with some spelling please post your comment.
The goal is a vectorgrafik in some Artistically beautiful font. I will open source the work.
It is like a buddhist tag cloude of a core teaching and my motivation - why I like it is: "hey Buddhist of all sects dont go to much in to secterian ways !



this is what I have :



1 Translations of avidyā
Pali अविज्जा
Tibetan མ་རིག་པ
Burmese အဝိဇ္ဇာ
Thai อวิชชา
Sinhala අවිද්යා
English ignorance, misconceptions
( pali versions इज्ञोरन्चे अविज्जा what th ediffernce ? )

2 Translations of saṅkhāra
Pali सङ्खार
Tibetan འདུ་བྱེད་
Burmese သင်္ခါရ
Thai สังขาร
Sinhala සංස්කාර
English formations

3 Translations of vijñāna
Pali विञ्ञाण
Tibetan རྣམ་པར་ཤེས་པ་
Burmese ဝိညာဉ်
Thai วิญญาณ
Sinhala විඥ්ඥාන
English consciousness
( Sanskrit विज्ञान why is it differnt ? )

4 Translations of Nāmarūpa
Pali नामरूप
Tibetan ཎམརུཔ་
Burmese နာမရူပ
Thai นามรูป
Sinhala නාමරූප
English name form

5 Translations of ṣaḍāyatana
Pali स्पर्श
Tibetan
Burmese
Thai สฬายตนะ
Sinhala
English six sense

6 Translations of Sparśa / Phassa
Pali चोन्तच्त
Tibetan རེག་པ་
Burmese
Thai ผัสสะ
Sinhala ස්පර්ශ
English contact

7 Translations of vedanā
Pali वेदना ऎलिङ 1 or 2 ?
Tibetan ཚོར་བ།
Burmese ဝေဒနာ
Sinhala
Thai เวทนา
English feeling-tone

8 Translations of taṇhā
Pali तण्हा
Tibetan སྲེད་པ་
Burmese တဏှာ
Thai ตัณหา
Sinhala තන්හාව,තෘෂ්ණාව,උපාදාන
English craving, desire
( for my layout I need one word in sinhala - what fits most ? )

9 Translations of Upādāna
Pali उपादान
Tibetan ལེན་པ
Burmese ဥပါဒါန်
Thai อุปาทาน
Sinhala උපාදාන
English clinging

10 Translations of bhāva
Pali भाव
Tibetan
Burmese ဘာဝ
Thai ภว
Sinhala භව or භවය
English mood, becoming

11 Translations of Jāti

Pali जाति
Tibetan
Burmese ဇာတိ
Thai ชาติ
Sinhala ජාති
English birth

12 Translations of Jarāmaraṇa

Pali
Tibetan
Burmese ဇာတိ
Thai ชรามรณะ
Sinhala ජරාමරණ
English old age and death

crazy-man
Posts: 377
Joined: Wed Aug 26, 2015 2:22 pm

Re: Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

Post by crazy-man » Sat Apr 08, 2017 4:43 pm

5 Translations of ṣaḍāyatana
Pali स्पर्श
Tibetan skye.mched
http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/skye_mched
http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?titl ... e_ayatanas
Burmese
Thai สฬายตนะ
Sinhala
English six sense

7 Translations of vedanā
Pali वेदना ऎलिङ 1 or 2 ? 1
Tibetan ཚོར་བ།
Burmese ဝေဒနာ
Sinhala
Thai เวทนา
English feeling-tone

10 Translations of bhāva
Pali भाव
Tibetan srid pa
http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/srid_pa

Burmese ဘာဝ
Thai ภว
Sinhala භව or භවය
English mood, becoming

11 Translations of Jāti
Pali जाति
Tibetan skye ba'i
http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/skye_ba%27i_sgo

Burmese ဇာတိ
Thai ชาติ
Sinhala ජාති
English birth

12 Translations of Jarāmaraṇa
Pali
Tibetan rga.shi
http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/rga_shi

Burmese ဇာတိ
Thai ชรามรณะ
Sinhala ජරාමරණ
English old age and death
Twelve nidanas (Skt. dvādaśāṅga-pratītyasamutpāda; Tib. རྟེན་འབྲེལ་ཡན་ལག་བཅུ་གཉིས་, tendrel yenlak chunyi; Wyl. rten 'brel yan lag bcu gnyis) — the twelve links of dependent origination.

Ignorance (Skt. avidyā; Tib. མ་རིག་པ་, ma rigpa; Wyl. ma rig pa): Fundamental ignorance of the truths and the delusion of mistakenly perceiving the skandhas as a self.
Formation (Skt. saṁskāra; Tib. འདུ་བྱེད་, duje; Wyl. 'du byed): As long as there is ignorance there is the formation of karma: positive, negative and neutral. This forms the rebirths in the various realms.
Consciousness (Skt. vijñāna; Tib. རྣམ་པར་ཤེས་པ་, nampar shepa; Wyl. rnam par shes pa): Formations cause the consciousness of the next existence. The consciousness which propels one towards the next existence is called the impelling consciousness. And the consciousness that is led to that particular state, once the conditions have come together, is known as the consciousness of the impelled result. These two aspects of consciousness are counted as a single link since together they establish the link between two lives.
Name-and-form (Skt. nāma-rūpa; Tib. མིང་དང་གཟུགས་, ming dang zuk; Wyl. ming dang gzugs): The five skandhas. By the power of consciousness one is linked to a womb, and there the body develops: the form and the four ‘name’ skandhas of sensation, perception, formation and consciousness.
The six ayatanas (Skt. ṣaḍāyatana; Tib. སྐྱེ་མཆེད་དྲུག་, kyemche druk; Wyl. skye mched drug): The six inner ayatanas of the sense faculties then arise.
Contact (Skt. sparśa; Tib. རེག་པ་, rekpa; Wyl. reg pa): The coming together of objects, sense faculty and consciousness is contact.
Sensation (Skt. vedanā; Tib. ཚོར་བ་, tsorwa; Wyl. tshor ba): From contact arises sensation: pleasurable, painful and neutral.
Craving (Skt. tṛṣṅā; Tib. སྲེད་པ་, sepa; Wyl. sred pa): There then develops a desire not to be separated from pleasurable sensations and to be free from painful sensations.
Grasping (Skt. upādāna; Tib. ལེན་པ་, lenpa; Wyl. len pa): As craving increases, it develops into grasping, i.e. actively striving never to be separated from what is pleasurable and to avoid what is painful.
Becoming (Skt. bhava; Tib. སྲིད་པ་, sipa; Wyl. srid pa): Through this grasping one acts with body, speech and mind, and creates the karma that determines one’s next existence.
Rebirth (Skt. jāti; Tib. སྐྱེ་བ་, kyewa; Wyl. skye ba): Through the power of this becoming, one is reborn in a particular birthplace whenever the necessary conditions are assembled.
Old age and death (Skt. jarā-maraṇa; Tib. རྒ་ཤི་, ga shi; Wyl. rga shi): Following rebirth there is a continual process of aging as the aggregates change and develop; and eventually there is death when the aggregates finally cease.
http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Twelve_nidanas

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joe.schraube
Posts: 8
Joined: Mon Feb 20, 2017 4:35 am

Re: Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

Post by joe.schraube » Sun Apr 09, 2017 5:16 am

thx ! , the tibetan part is so complet. At the Burmese and Sinhala linenes are still some missing parts - if some one can help or know a websource please post.

crazy-man
Posts: 377
Joined: Wed Aug 26, 2015 2:22 pm

Re: Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

Post by crazy-man » Sun Apr 09, 2017 2:36 pm

i find sinhala version with wikipedia!
1 අවිද්‍යාව
2 හට ගැනීම (නිර්මාණය)
3 සිහිය
4 සිත හා කය
5 සංඥා සය
6 ස්පර්ශය
7 දැනීම
8 තණ්හාව
9 දැඩිව ග්‍රහණය
10 භවය
11 උපත
12 මහළු වීම හා මරණය
https://si.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B6%B1 ... 6%E0%B6%B4

you can use myanmar wikipedia https://my.wikipedia.org/wiki/ to find the missing words
or use google https://translate.google.de/ with englisch and birmanisch. good luck!

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joe.schraube
Posts: 8
Joined: Mon Feb 20, 2017 4:35 am

Re: Twelve Nidānas in 6 Languages

Post by joe.schraube » Sat May 13, 2017 2:48 pm

htx ! this helps a lot ! Im moving forward.

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