一切

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Coëmgenu
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一切

Post by Coëmgenu » Wed Dec 20, 2017 12:44 pm

Why, in Chinese, is "all" expressed as something analagous to "one-cut"?

I have seen in older Chinese words, 一切(X), with X standing in for a character meaning "myriad" or "many".

Does "one-cut-X" mean "(from) one (to) many"? Is that the meaning of "cut" here?
歸命本覺心法身常住妙法心蓮臺本來莊嚴三身徳三十七尊住心
城遠離因果法然具普門塵數諸三昧無邊徳海本圓滿還我頂禮心諸佛

In reverence for the root gnosis of the heart, the dharmakāya,
for the ever present good law of the heart, the lotus terrace,
for the inborn adornment of the trikāya, the thirty-seven sages dwelling in the heart,
for the that which is removed from seed and fruit, the upright key to the universal gate,
for all boundless concentrations, the sea of virtue, the root perfection,
I prostrate, bowing to the hearts of all Buddhas.

胎藏金剛菩提心義略問答鈔, Treatise on the teaching of the gnostic heart of the womb and the diamond, T2397.1.470c5-8

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Admin_PC
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Re: 一切

Post by Admin_PC » Wed Dec 20, 2017 3:22 pm

This is by no means definitive. My book of Chinese character etymology doesn't cover this one in depth.

There appear to be 2 pronunciations for the character 切. The pronunciation affects the meaning. The 切 in 一切 seems to come from the 2nd pronunciation (qiè - qie4), which has the following meanings:
1. to be close to
2. to bite tightly; to clench
3. to correspond to; to match
4. (traditional Chinese medicine) to feel the pulse
5. eager; ardent
6. urgent; pressing
7. all; entire
8. must; by all means
9. main point
10. (phonetics) Short for 反切 (fǎnqiè, “fanqie”).

REF: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%88%87

一切(X) would be "all of (X)" (all of the myriad....).
月影の いたらぬ里は なけれども 眺むる人の 心にぞすむ
法然上人

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