一切

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Coëmgenu
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一切

Post by Coëmgenu » Wed Dec 20, 2017 12:44 pm

Why, in Chinese, is "all" expressed as something analagous to "one-cut"?

I have seen in older Chinese words, 一切(X), with X standing in for a character meaning "myriad" or "many".

Does "one-cut-X" mean "(from) one (to) many"? Is that the meaning of "cut" here?
子念昔貧,志意下劣,今於父所,大獲珍寶,并及舍宅、一切財物。甚大歡喜,得未曾有。
The son thought of past poverty, outlook humble, now having from father a treasure harvest, also father's house, all his wealth. Great joy - to have what was never before had.

Τῆς πατρῴας, δόξης σου, ἀποσκιρτήσας ἀφρόνως, ἐν κακοῖς ἐσκόρπισα, ὅν μοι παρέδωκας πλοῦτον· ὅθεν σοι τὴν τοῦ Ἀσώτου, φωνὴν κραυγάζω· Ἥμαρτον ἐνώπιόν σου Πάτερ οἰκτίρμον, δέξαι με μετανοοῦντα, καὶ ποίησόν με, ὡς ἕνα τῶν μισθίων σου.
Your fatherly due I withheld unthinking, in evil I wasted your wealth; a prodigal cries, "I've erred, father, receive the repentant as serf."

妙法蓮華經 Κοντάκιον τοῦ Ἀσώτου

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Admin_PC
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Re: 一切

Post by Admin_PC » Wed Dec 20, 2017 3:22 pm

This is by no means definitive. My book of Chinese character etymology doesn't cover this one in depth.

There appear to be 2 pronunciations for the character 切. The pronunciation affects the meaning. The 切 in 一切 seems to come from the 2nd pronunciation (qiè - qie4), which has the following meanings:
1. to be close to
2. to bite tightly; to clench
3. to correspond to; to match
4. (traditional Chinese medicine) to feel the pulse
5. eager; ardent
6. urgent; pressing
7. all; entire
8. must; by all means
9. main point
10. (phonetics) Short for 反切 (fǎnqiè, “fanqie”).

REF: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%88%87

一切(X) would be "all of (X)" (all of the myriad....).
月影の いたらぬ里は なけれども 眺むる人の 心にぞすむ
法然上人

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